Aguiar, S., & Borowski, T. (2013). Neuropharmacological review of the nootropic herb Bacopa monnieri. Rejuvenation research, 16(4), 313–326.

Akhtar, M.A., Raju, R., Beattie, K.D., Bodkin, F. and Gerald Münch, G. (2016) Medicinal Plants of the Australian Aboriginal Dharawal People Exhibiting Anti-Inflammatory Activity. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2016, Article ID 2935403, 1-8.

Akter, K., Barnes, E. C., Brophy, J. J., Harrington, D., Community Elders, Y., Vemulpad, S. R., & Jamie, J. F. (2016). Phytochemical Profile and Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activities of Medicinal Plants Used by Aboriginal People of New South Wales, Australia. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM, 2016, 4683059.

Alves-Barros, A. S., Oliveira-Carvalho, H., Dos Santos, I., Taglialegna, T., Dos Santos Sampaio, T. I., Duarte, J. L., Fernandes, C. P., & Tavares-Carvalho, J. C. (2017) Study of the non-clinical healing activities of the extract and gel of Portulaca pilosa L. in skin wounds in wistar rats: A preliminary study. Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 96, 182–190.

Ameri, A., Ghadge, C., Vaidya, J.G. & Deokule, S.S. (2011) Anti-staphlococcus activity of Pisolithus albus. Journal of Medicinal Plant Research, 5(4), 527-532.
Arrawarra Sharing Culture Committee. (2009) Fact Sheet 14, Useful plants – leaves. Yarrawarra Aboriginal Corporation and the Garby Elders Group, Corindi Beach, New South Wales, Australia.

Avoseh, O., Oyedeji, O., Rungqu, P., Nkeh-Chungag, B., & Oyedeji, A. (2015). Cymbopogon species; ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry and the pharmacological importance. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(5), 7438–7453.

Baishya, S., Banik, S.K., Choudhury, M., Taklukdar, D.D. And Takludar, A.D. (2020) Therapeutic potentials of littoral vegetation: an antifungal perspective. pp 275-292. In Patra, J.K., Misha, R.R. And Thatoi, H,(eds.) Biotechnological Utilization of Mangrove Resources. Academic Press, Elsevier, Inc., London, United Kingdom.

Batool R., Khan M.R., Sajid M., Ali S., Zahra Z. (2019) Estimation of phytochemical constituents and in vitro antioxidant potencies of Brachychiton populneus (Schott & Endl.) R.Br. BMC Chemistry, 13(1), 32. doi: 10.1186/s13065-019-0549-z. PMID: 31384780; PMCID: PMC6661765.

Batool, R., Rashid Khan, M., Ahmed Zai, J., Ali, S., Maryam, S., Naz, I., & Bibi, S. (2018) Brachychiton populneus (Schott & Endl.) R.Br. ameliorate carbon tetrachloride induced oxidative stress through regulation of endoplasmic reticulum stress markers and inflammatory mediators in Sprague-Dawley male rats. Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy (Biomedicine & pharmacotherapie), 107, 1601–1610.

Brooker, S.G., Cambie, R.C. & Cooper, R.C. (1981) New Zealand medicinal plants. Heinemann Publishing Company.

Cai, Y., Hu, X., Huang, M., Sun, F., Yang, B., He, J., Wang, X., Xia, P., & Chen, J. (2012). Characterization of the antibacterial activity and the chemical components of the volatile oil of the leaves of Rubus parvifolius L. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 17(7), 7758–7768.

Cambie, R.C & Ash, J. (1994) Fijian medicinal plants. CSIRO, Canberra, Australia.

Caputo, L., Smeriglio, A., Trombetta, D., Cornara, L., Trevena, G., Valussi, M., Fratianni, F., De Feo, V., & Nazzaro, F. (2020) Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of the Essential Oils of Leptospermum petersonii and Eucalyptus gunnii. Frontiers in microbiology, 11, 409.

Castillo, U., Myers, S., Browne, L., Strobel, G., Hess, W. M., Hanks, J., & Reay, D. (2005). Scanning electron microscopy of some endophytic streptomycetes in snakevine–Kennedia nigricans. Scanning, 27(6), 305–311.

Castillo, U.F., Strobel, G.A., Ford, E.J., Hess, W.M., Porter, H., Jensen, J.B., Albert, H., Robison, R., Condron, M., Teplow, D.B., Stevens, D., & Yaver, D. (2002). Munumbicins, wide-spectrum antibiotics produced by Streptomyces NRRL 30562, endophytic on Kennedia nigriscans. Microbiology (Reading, England), 148(Pt 9), 2675–2685.

Challinor, V.L., Smith, D.M. & DeVoss, J.J. (2011) Steroidal saponins isolated from an Australian yam Dioscorea sp. Australian Journal of Chemistry, 64(5), 545-549.

Chandra, S. & Rawat, D.D. (2015) Medicinal plants of the family Caryophyllaceae: a review of ethnomedicinal uses and pharmacological properties. Integrative Medicine Research, 4(3), 123-131.

Chen, J., Wang, X., Cai, Y., Tang, M., Dai, Q., Hu, X., Huang, M., Sun, F., Liu, Y., & Xia, P. (2013). Bioactivity-guided fractionation of physical fatigue-attenuating components from Rubus parvifolius L. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 18(9), 11624–11638.

Chidrawar, V.R., Patel, K.N., , N.R., Shiromwar, S.S. & Triverdi, P. 2011) Antiobesity effect of Stellaria media against drug induced obesity in Swiss albino mice. Ayu: Pharmacological Research, 32(4), 576-584.

Chinnock, R.J. (2007) Eremophila and allied genera: A monograph of the Myoporaceae. Rosenberg Publishing Pty, Ltd/. Dural Delivery Centre, New South Wales, Australia.
Clarke, P.A. (2015) The Aboriginal ethnobotany of the South East of South Australia region. Part 2: foods, medicines and narcotics.Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia,139(2), 247-272, doi:10.1080/03721426.2015.1074339

Cock, I.E. (2019) Medicinal plant images. Pharmacognosy Communications, 9(1): 36-37.
Cock, I.E., Winnett, V., Sirdaarta, J., & Matthews, B. (2015). The potential of selected Australian medicinal plants with anti-Proteus activity for the treatment and prevention of rheumatoid arthritis. Pharmacognosy magazine, 11(Suppl 1), S190–S208.

Cock, I. (2013) The phytochemistry and chemotherapeutic potential of Tasmannia lanceolata (Tasmanian pepper): a review. Pharmacognosy Communications, 3:13-25.

Cock, I. E., & Kukkonen, L. (2011). An examination of the medicinal potential of Scaevola spinescens: Toxicity, antibacterial, and antiviral activities. Pharmacognosy research, 3(2), 85–94.

Collins, D.J., culvenor, C.C.J., Lamberton, J.A., Loder, J.W. & Price. J.R. (1990) Plants for Medicines: A Chemical & Pharmacological Survey of Plants in the Australian Region. CSIRO Publishing, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.

Cook, D., Lee, S.T., Panaccione, D.G., Leadmon, C.E., Clay, K., & Gardner, D.R. (2019) Biodiversity of Convolvulaceous species that contain Ergot Alkaloids, Indole Diterpene Alkaloids, and Swainsonine. Biochemical systematics and ecology, 86, 103921.

Cox, S. D., Jayasinghe, K. C., & Markham, J. L. (2005) Antioxidant activity in Australian native sarsaparilla (Smilax glyciphylla). Journal of ethnopharmacology, 101(1-3), 162–168.

Cribb, A.B. & Cribb, J. W. (1983) Wild medicine in Australia. Fontana-Collins, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

D’Amelio, F.S. And Mirhorn, Y.W. (1998) Therapeutic composition and method for treating skin using Centipeda cunninghamii extract. Patent#: WO1998038971A1, Bio-Botanica, Inc.

Deans, B. J., Kilah, N. L., Jordan, G. J., Bissember, A. C., & Smith, J. A. (2018). Arbutin Derivatives Isolated from Ancient Proteaceae: Potential Phytochemical Markers Present in Bellendena, Cenarrhenes, and Persoonia Genera. Journal of natural products, 81(5), 1241–1251.

de Lange, P.J. (2005) Flora Details – Centipeda cunninghamii. New Zealand plant Conservation Network, May 5.

Demeter, S., Lebbe, O., Hecq, F., Nicolis, S. C., Kenne Kemene, T., Martin, H., Fauconnier, M. L., & Hance, T. (2021). Insecticidal Activity of 25 Essential Oils on the Stored Product Pest, Sitophilus granarius. Foods (Basel, Switzerland), 10(2), 200.

Egerton-Warburton, L.M. & Ghisalberti, E.L. (1995) Essential oil composition of Chamelaucium uncinatum. Phytochemisty, 40(3), 837-839.

El Dohaji, L.M., Hamoda, A.M., Hamdy, R., & Soliman, S. (2020) Avicennia marina, a natural reservoir of phytopharmaceuticals: Curative power and platform of medicines. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 263, 113179.

Ezra, D., Hess, W. M., & Strobel, G. A. (2004). New endophytic isolates of Muscodor albus, a volatile-antibiotic-producing fungus. Microbiology (Reading, England), 150(Pt 12), 4023–4031.

Fern, K. & Fern A. (2021) Mentha satureiodes. Plants for a Future (PFAF) Database, PFAF, Cornwall, England.

Fern, K. (2021) Useful tropical plants: Cymbopogon obtectus. Tropical Plants Database. Accessed 10/27/2021:

Fletcher, M. T., Brock, I. J., Reichmann, K. G., McKenzie, R. A., & Blaney, B. J. (2011) Norsesquiterpene glycosides in bracken ferns (Pteridium esculentum and Pteridium aquilinum subsp. wightianum) from Eastern Australia: reassessed poisoning risk to animals. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 59(9), 5133–5138.

Foster, S. & Duke, J. (1990 ) A field guide to the medicinal plants. Eastern and Central North America. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton-Mifflin, New York, New York, USA.

Gao, J., Sun, C.R., Yang, J.H., Shi, J.M., Du, Y.G., Zhang, Y.Y., Li, J.H., & Wan, H.T. (2011). Evaluation of the hepatoprotective and antioxidant activities of Rubus parvifolius L. Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B, 12(2), 135–142.

Gaillard, E., Boisnic, S., Branchet, M. C., Lamour, I., & Keophiphath, M. (2021). Tasmannia lanceolata leaf extract alleviates stretch mark appearance in a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial in women and stimulates extracellular matrix synthesis in ex vivo human skin explants. Journal of cosmetic dermatology, 20(6), 1923–1932.

Ghasemian, A., Eslami, M., Hasanvand, F., Bozorgi, H., & Al-Abodi, H.R. (2019) Eucalyptus camaldulensis properties for use in the eradication of infections. Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases, 65, 234–237.

Gilbert, L.A. (1966) The bush and the search for a staple in New South Wales. Historical Records if Australian Science, 1, 6-17.

Gao, J., Sun, C. R., Yang, J. H., Shi, J. M., Du, Y. G., Zhang, Y. Y., Li, J. H., & Wan, H. T. (2011). Evaluation of the hepatoprotective and antioxidant activities of Rubus parvifolius L. Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B, 12(2), 135–142.

Hall, I. (2020) Aboriginal bush medicine – Uses of kangaroo apple. Imperial Biosciences Review, October 2, 2020.

Hansen, V. and Horsfall, J. (2016) Noongar Bush Medicine: Medicinal plants of the south-west of Western Australia. UWA Publishing, Crawley WA. pp.126–127.

Hart, C., Ilanko, P., Shalom, J., Rayan, P., McDonnell, P. and Cock, I. (2014) Tasmannia stipitata as a functional food/natural preservative: antimicrobial activity and toxicity. Pharmacognosy Communications, 4:33-47.

Hausen, B. M., & Schmalle, H. (1981). Quinonoid constituents as contact sensitisers in Australian blackwood (Acacia melanoxylon RBR). British journal of industrial medicine, 38(2), 105–109.

He, Z.-H., Gilli, C., Yue, G.G.-L., Lau, C., B.-S., Greger, H., Brecker, L., Ge, W. and But, P.P.-H. (2012) Anti-angiogenic effects and mechanisms of zerumin A from Alpinia caerulea. Food Chemistry, 132(1):201-208.

Healy, J. (2018) The art of healing: Australian indigenous bush medicine. Medical History Museum, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Hiddins, L. (2001) Bush Tucker Field Guide. Penguin

Hiraoka-Yamamoto, J., Ikeda, K., Negishi, H., Mori, M., Hirose, A., Sawada, S., Onobayashi, Y., et al. (2004). Serum lipid effects of a monounsaturated (palmitoleic) fatty acid-rich diet based on macadamia nuts in healthy, young Japanese women. Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology, 31 Suppl 2, S37–S38.

Huang, A. C., Wilde, A., Ebmeyer, J., Skouroumounis, G. K., & Taylor, D. K. (2013). Examination of the phenolic profile and antioxidant activity of the leaves of the Australian native plant Smilax glyciphylla. Journal of natural products, 76(10), 1930–1936.

Hughes, L. J., Black, L. J., Sherriff, J. L., Dunlop, E., Strobel, N., Lucas, R. M., & Bornman, J. F. (2018). Vitamin D Content of Australian Native Food Plants and Australian-Grown Edible Seaweed. Nutrients, 10(7), 876.

Isaacs, J. (1987) Herbal Medicine, Bush Food – Aboriginal Bush Food and Herbal Medicine. Weldon Publishers, Willoughby, NSW, Australia.

Israili, Z. H., & Lyoussi, B. (2009). Ethnopharmacology of the plants of genus Ajuga. Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 22(4), 425–462.

Jakimiuk, K., Wink, M. & Tomczyk, M. (2021) Elavonoids of the Caryophyllaceae. Phytochemistry Reviews, April, 17 10.1007/s11101-021-09755-3.

Johnson, T.A., Sohn, J., Inman, W.D., Bjeldanes, L.F. and Rayburn, K. (2013) Lipophilic stinging nettle extracts possess potent antiinflammatory activity, are not cytotoxic and may be superior to traditional tinctures for treating inflammatory disorders. Phytomedicine. 20:143-147.

Jones D.L. (1993) Orchidaceae. In: Harden G.J. (ed) Flora of New South Wales, vol 3. New South Wales University Press, Kensington. 775 pp

Jones, G.P., Rao, K.S., Tucker, D.J., Richardson, B., Barnes, A. & Rivett, D.E. (1995) Antimicrobial activity of santalbic acid from Santalum acuminatum. International Journal of Pharmacognosy, 33(2).

Juneja, K., Mishra, R., Chauhan, S., Gupta, S., Roy, P., & Sircar, D. (2019). Metabolite profiling and wound-healing activity of Boerhavia diffusa leaf extracts using in vitro and in vivo models. Journal of traditional and complementary medicine, 10(1), 52–59.

Kim, S. J., Kim, K. M., Park, J., Kwak, J. H., Kim, Y. S., & Lee, S. M. (2013). Geniposidic acid protects against D-galactosamine and lipopolysaccharide-induced hepatic failure in mice. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 146(1), 271–277.

Kregiel, D., Pawlikowska, E., & Antolak, H. (2018). Urtica spp.: Ordinary Plants with Extraordinary Properties. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 23(7), 1664.

Laganà, G., Barreca, D., Smeriglio, A., Germanò, M. P., D’Angelo, V., Calderaro, A., Bellocco, E., & Trombetta, D. (2020). Evaluation of Anthocyanin Profile, Antioxidant, Cytoprotective, and Anti-Angiogenic Properties of Callistemon citrinus Flowers. Plants (Basel, Switzerland), 9(8), 1045.

Lamont, B.B. et al (2004) Ecology and ecophysiology of grass trees Australian Journal of Botany 52(5) 561-582

Lassak, E.V. & McCarthy, T. (2008) Australian Medicinal Plants. New Holland Publishers, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Latz, P. (1995) Bushfires & Bushtucker: Aboriginal Plant Use in Central Australia. Institute for Aboriginal Development (IAD) Press, Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Australia.

Li, R. W., Lin, G. D., Leach, D. N., Waterman, P. G., & Myers, S. P. (2006). Inhibition of COXs and 5-LOX and activation of PPARs by Australian Clematis species (Ranunculaceae). Journal of ethnopharmacology, 104(1-2), 138–143.

Li, R. W., Leach, D. N., Myers, S. P., Leach, G. J., Lin, G. D., Brushett, D. J., & Waterman, P. G. (2004). Anti-inflammatory activity, cytotoxicity and active compounds of Tinospora smilacina Benth. Phytotherapy research : PTR, 18(1), 78–83.

Lim T.K. (2014) Typha orientalis. In: Edible Medicinal and Non Medicinal Plants. Springer, Dordrecht, Germany. Liu, Q. ( 2006) An ethnopharmacological study of medicinal plants of the Kamilaroi and Muruwari Aboriginal communities. Doctoral thesis, MacQuarie University, Department ofChemistry and Biomolecular Sciences.

Ljung, K., deVos, A., Cook, A. & Weinstein, P. (2010) An overview of medical geology issues in Australia and Oceana. In Selinus, O., Finkelman, R. & Centeno, J.A. (eds.) (2010) Medical Geology: A Regional Synthesis. Springer Science & Business Media, New York, New York, USA.

López-Mejia, A., Ortega-Pérez, L. G., Godinez-Hernández, D., Nateras-Marin, B., Meléndez-Herrera, E., & Rios-Chavez, P. (2019). Chemopreventive effect of Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeels against colon cancer induced by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine in rats. Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology, 145(6), 1417–1426.

Low, T. (1991) Wild Food Plants of Australia. Angus & Robertson, North Ryde, NSW, Australia.

Low, T. (1990) Bush Medicine:A Pharmacopoeia of Natural Remedies. Angus & Robertson, North Ryde, NSW, Australia.

Ma, L., Song, J., Shi, Y., Wang, C., Chen, B., Xie, D. & Jia, Xiaobin. (2012) Anti-hepatitis B virus activity of chickweed [Stellaria media (L.)Vill.] extracts in HepG2.2.15 cells. Molecules, 17(7), 8633-8646.

Mabhiza, D., Chitemerere, T., & Mukanganyama, S. (2016). Antibacterial Properties of Alkaloid Extracts from Callistemon citrinus and Vernonia adoensis against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. International journal of medicinal chemistry, 2016, 6304163.

Macintosh, H. (2008) Native citrus. In: The New Crop Industries Handbook – Native Foods, pp 19-29. Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC), Canberra Australia. MacLeod, J. K., Rasmussen, H. B., & Willis, A. C. (1997). A new glycoside antimicrobial agent from Persoonia linearis x pinifolia. Journal of natural products, 60(6), 620–622.

Macphail, MK & Woodward, D. (2017). Non-seasonal plant foods in the palawa (Tasmanian Aborigine) diet: 1: the Yam Daisy Microseris lanceolata (Walp.) Sch.Bip. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania. 151. 11-18. 10.26749/rstpp.151.11.

Maisch, J.M. (1881) Notes on the Xanthorrhoea resins. The American Journal of Pharmacy, 53.

Maiden, J.H. (1888) some reputed medicinal plants of New South Wales (Indigenous species only). Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, vol. 3 (series 2nd) March 28, 1888. In The Pharmaceutical Journal and Transactions, Aug 11, 1888, 117-118.

Mani, J. S., Johnson, J. B., Hosking, H., Ashwath, N., Walsh, K. B., Neilsen, P. M., Broszczak, D. A., & Naiker, M. (2021). Antioxidative and therapeutic potential of selected Australian plants: A review. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 268, 113580.

Marcus, J. P., Green, J. L., Goulter, K. C., & Manners, J. M. (1999). A family of antimicrobial peptides is produced by processing of a 7S globulin protein in Macadamia integrifolia kernels. The Plant journal : for cell and molecular biology, 19(6), 699–710.

Marcus, J. P., Goulter, K. C., Green, J. L., Harrison, S. J., & Manners, J. M. (1997). Purification, characterisation and cDNA cloning of an antimicrobial peptide from Macadamia integrifolia. European journal of biochemistry, 244(3), 743–749.

MacLeod, J. K., Rasmussen, H. B., & Willis, A. C. (1997). A new glycoside antimicrobial agent from Persoonia linearis x pinifolia. Journal of natural products, 60(6), 620–622.

McManus, A. M., Nielsen, K. J., Marcus, J. P., Harrison, S. J., Green, J. L., Manners, J. M., & Craik, D. J. (1999). MiAMP1, a novel protein from Macadamia integrifolia adopts a Greek key beta-barrel fold unique amongst plant antimicrobial proteins. Journal of molecular biology, 293(3), 629–638.

McRae, J. M., Yang, Q., Crawford, R. J., & Palombo, E. A. (2008). Antibacterial compounds from Planchonia careya leaf extracts. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 116(3), 554–560.

Mishra, J., Bhardwaj, A. & Misra, K. (2018) Curcuma sp: The nature’s souvenir for high-altitude illness. In Misra, K., Sharma, P. & Bhardwaj, A. (2018) Management of High Altitude Pathophysiology, pp 153-169.

Mishra, R.K., Singh, S., & Singh, S.K. (2018). Natural products in regulation of male fertility. The Indian journal of medical research, 148(Suppl), S107–S114.

Murhekar, S., Wright, M. H., Greene, A. C., Brownlie, J. C., & Cock, I. E. (2017). Inhibition of Shewanella spp. growth by Syzygium australe and Syzygium luehmannii extracts: natural methods for the prevention of fish spoilage. Journal of food science and technology, 54(10), 3314–3326.

Mukherjee, P. K., Ahamed, K. F., Kumar, V., Mukherjee, K., & Houghton, P. J. (2007). Protective effect of biflavones from Araucaria bidwillii Hook in rat cerebral ischemia/reperfusion induced oxidative stress. Behavioural brain research, 178(2), 221–228.

Netzel, M., Netzel, G., Tian, Q., Schwartz, S., & Konczak, I. (2006). Sources of antioxidant activity in Australian native fruits. Identification and quantification of anthocyanins. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 54(26), 9820–9826.

Nguyen, K. Q., Scarlett, C. J., & Vuong, Q. V. (2021). Ethnopharmacology, Biological Activity and Phytochemistry of Scaevola spinescens. Chemistry & biodiversity, 18(5), e2001050.

Noé, W., Murhekar, S., White, A., Davis, C., & Cock, I. E. (2019). Inhibition of the growth of human dermatophytic pathogens by selected australian and asian plants traditionally used to treat fungal infections. Journal de mycologie medicale, 29(4), 331–344.

Okla, M.K., Alamri, S.A., Alatar, A.A., Hegazy, A.K., Al-Ghamdi, A.A., Ajarem, J.S., Faisal, M., Abdel-Salam, E.M., Ali, H.M., Salem, M., & Abdel-Maksoud, M.A. (2019). Antioxidant, Hypoglycemic, and Neurobehavioral Effects of a Leaf Extract of Avicennia marina on Autoimmune Diabetic Mice. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM, 2019, 1263260.

Olatoyan-Layonu, T. J., Wakeel, O. K., Abe, A. I., Ojurongbe, O., & Adeyeba, O. A. (2020). Anti-nociceptive Effect of Euphorbia hirta Leaf Extract: Involvement of Adenosine, Cholinergic, and Opioid Receptors. Central nervous system agents in medicinal chemistry, 20(3), 194–205.

Oyedeji, O. O., Lawal, O. A., Shode, F. O., & Oyedeji, A. O. (2009). Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils of Callistemon citrinus and Callistemon viminalis from South Africa. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 14(6), 1990–1998.

Packer, J., Naz, T., Yaegl Community Elders, Harrington, D., Jamie, J. F., & Vemulpad, S. R. (2015). Antimicrobial activity of customary medicinal plants of the Yaegl Aboriginal community of northern New South Wales, Australia: a preliminary study. BMC research notes, 8, 276.

Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Heron, R., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Janie,J. and Yaegl Community elders. (2012) AM ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal Community in northern New South Wales, Australia.

Packer, J. & Gaikwad, J. & Harrington, D. (2011) Medicinal Plants of New South Wales. in Singh, R. (ed) Genetic resources. Chromosome engineering and crop improvement: Medicinal Plants (Volume 6). CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, United States

Pagels, W. (2006) Introduction to Anecphya, the Australian subgenus of waterlilies. Water Gardeners International.

Palombo, E.A. & Semple, S.J. (2001) Antibacterial activity of traditional Australian medicinal plants. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 77, 151-157

Patel, M., Naidoo, R. & Owotade, F.J. (2013). Inhibitory effect of Dodonaea viscosa spp. angustifolia on the virulence properties of the oral pathogens Streptococcus mutans and Porphyromonas gingivalis. Evidence Based Complementary Alternative Medicine. Epub 2013, Oct. 7.

Patykowski, J. (2018) Grass trees aren’t a grass (and they’re not trees). Beating Around the Bush, September 21. Pearn, J. (2004) Medical ethnobotany of Australia: Past & Present. Paper read to the Linnean Society, Piccadilly, London, England , Thursday 30th September.

Pennacchio, M. Jefferson, L., Havens, K. and Sollenberger, D. (2010) Uses and abuses of plant-derived smoke. Oxford University Press, United States.

Perera, S.D., Jayawardena, U.A., & Jayasinghe, C.D. (2018). Potential Use of Euphorbia hirta for Dengue: A Systematic Review of Scientific Evidence. Journal of tropical medicine, 2018, 2048530.

Phan, A.D.T., Chaliha, M., Hong, H.T., Tinggi, U., Netzel, M.E., & Sultanbawa, Y. (2020). Nutritional Value and Antimicrobial Activity of Pittosporum angustifolium (Gumby Gumby), an Australian Indigenous Plant. Foods, 9(7), 887. MDPI AG. Retrieved from

Phan, J. L., Tucker, M. R., Khor, S. F., Shirley, N., Lahnstein, J., Beahan, C., Bacic, A., & Burton, R. A. (2016). Differences in glycosyltransferase family 61 accompany variation in seed coat mucilage composition in Plantago spp. Journal of experimental botany, 67(22), 6481–6495.

Piegang, B. N., Ndjateu, F., Tene, M., Bomba, F., Tseuguem, P. P., & Nguelefack, T. B. (2020). Antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of Boerhavia coccinea extracts and fractions on acute and persistent inflammatory pain models. Journal of basic and clinical physiology and pharmacology, /j/jbcpp.ahead-of-print/jbcpp-2020-0118/jbcpp-2020-0118.xml. Advance online publication.

Pyun, B.J., Yang, H., Sohn, E., Yu, S.Y., Lee, D., Jung, D.H., Ko, B.S., & Lee, H.W. (2018) Tetragonia tetragonioides (Pall.) Kuntze Regulates Androgen Production in a Letrozole-Induced Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Model. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 23(5), 1173.

Rahimi, V.B., Ajam, F., Rakhshandeh, H. & Askari, V.R. (2019) A pharmacolgical review on Portulaca oleaceae L.: focusing on anti-inflammatry, antioxidant, immuno-modulatory And anti-tumor activities. Journal of Pharmocopuncture, 22(1), 7-15. doi: 10.3831/KPI.2019.22.001. Rani, N., Vasudeva, N. & Kumar, S. (2012). Quality assessment and anti-obesity activity of Stellaria media (Linn.)Vill. BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies, 12, 145.

Ranmore, T. (2013) Bush medicine plants of the Illawarra. Illawarra Aborignal Corporation, NSW Environmental Trust, Illawarra, New South Wales,Australia.

Rjeibi, I., Ben Saad, A., Ncib, S., Souid, S., Allagui, M.S., & Hfaiedh, N. (2020) Brachychiton populneus as a novel source of bioactive ingredients with therapeutic effects: antioxidant, enzyme inhibitory, anti-inflammatory properties and LC-ESI-MS profile. Inflammopharmacology, 28(2), 563–574.

Robins, J. & Ryder, M. (2008) Bush tomato. In: The New Crop Industries Handbook – Native Foods, pp 9-15. Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC), Canberra Australia.

Robinson, Les (1993) Aboriginal Uses of Plants Around Sydney. Society for growing Australian Plants (SGAP) 17th Biennial Seminar, Robert Menzies College, Sydney, 27 September to 1 October 1993. Retrieved 10 May 2021.

Romm, A., Hardy, M.L. and Mills, S. (2010) Botanical Medicine for Women’s Health. Churchill Livingston, Elsevier Inc., Melbourne, Australia.

Ryuk, J.A., Ko, B.S., Lee, H.W., Kim, D.S., Kang, S., Lee, Y.H., & Park, S. (2017). Tetragonia tetragonioides (Pall.) Kuntze protects estrogen-deficient rats against disturbances of energy and glucose metabolism and decreases proinflammatory cytokines. Experimental biology and medicine (Maywood, N.J.), 242(6), 593–605.

Sabo, V.A., & Knezevic, P. (2019). Antimicrobial activity of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn. plant extracts and essential oils: A review. Industrial crops and products, 132, 413–429.

Sadgrove, N.J. & Jones, G.L. (2016) Phytochemical variabiity of Pittosporum angustifolium Lodd. (Pittosporaceae): a traditional and contemporary Aboriginal medicine. Acta Horticulturae, 1125,. doi:

Sadgrove, N.J. & Jones, G.L. (2013) Chemical and biological characteristics of solvent extracts and essential oils from leaves and fruit of two Australian species of Pittsporum (Pittosporaceae) used in Aboriginal medicinal practice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 145(3), 813-821.

Safarinejad, M.R. (2005) Urtica dioica for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Journal of Herbal Pharmacotherapy. 5:1-11.

Sakai, E., Aoki, Y., Yoshimatsu, M., Nishishita, K., Iwatake, M., Fukuma, Y., Okamoto, K., Tanaka, T., & Tsukuba, T. (2016). Sanguiin H-6, a constituent of Rubus parvifolius L., inhibits receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand-induced osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption in vitro and prevents tumor necrosis factor-α-induced osteoclast formation in vivo. Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology, 23(8), 828–837.

Salgado, F., Albornoz, L., Cortéz, C., Stashenko, E., Urrea-Vallejo, K., Nagles, E., Galicia-Virviescas, C., Cornejo, A., Ardiles, A., Simirgiotis, M., García-Beltrán, O., & Areche, C. (2017). Secondary Metabolite Profiling of Species of the Genus Usnea by UHPLC-ESI-OT-MS-MS. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 23(1), 54.

Sanatombi, R. & Sanatombi, K. (2017) Nutritional value, phytochemical composition and activities of edible Curcuma species: A review. International Journal of Food Properties, 20(Sup3), S2668-S2687. DOI: 10.1080/10942912.2017.1387556

Sautron, C. & Cock, I.E. (2014) Antimicrobial activity and toxicity od Syzygium australe and Syzygium leuhmannii fruit extracts. Pharmacognosy Communications, 4(1).

Semple, S.J., Reynolds, G.D., O’Leary, M.C. and Flower, R.L. (1998) Screening of Australian medicinal plants for antiviral activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 60(2):163-172. DOI: 10.1016/s0378-8741(97)00152-9.

Semple, S. J., Pyke, S. M., Reynolds, G. D., & Flower, R. L. (2001). In vitro antiviral activity of the anthraquinone chrysophanic acid against poliovirus. Antiviral research, 49(3), 169–178.

Sepahvand, A., Studzińska-Sroka, E., Ramak, P., & Karimian, V. (2021). Usnea sp.: Antimicrobial potential, bioactive compounds, ethnopharmacological uses and other pharmacological properties; a review article. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 268, 113656.

Shami, A.M., Philip, K. & Muniandy, S. (2013) Synergy of antibacterial and antioxidant activities from crude extracts and peptides of selected plant mixture. BMC Complementary Alternative Medicine, 13, 360.

Smith, N.M. (1991) Ethnobotnical field notes fro the Northern Territory, Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanical Garden, 14(1), 1-65.

Smyth, T. J., Ramachandran, V., Brooks, P., & Smyth, W. F. (2012). Investigation of antibacterial phytochemicals in the bark and leaves of Ficus coronata by high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-ion trap mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS(n) ) and ESI-MS(n). Electrophoresis, 33(4), 713–718.

South East Regional Centre for Urban Landcare (SERCUL) ( 2018 ) Traditional Bush Tucker Plant Fact Sheet. SERCUL, Bush Tucker Education Program.

Steenbeeke G (2001) List of plant species from northern NSW that may be used as food plants.

Symonds, E. L., Konczak, I., & Fenech, M. (2013). The Australian fruit Illawarra plum (Podocarpus elatus Endl., Podocarpaceae) inhibits telomerase, increases histone deacetylase activity and decreases proliferation of colon cancer cells. The British journal of nutrition, 109(12).

Sun, W., Wang, S., Zhao, W., Wu, C., Guo, S., Gao, H., Tao, H., Lu, J., Wang, Y., & Chen, X. (2017). Chemical constituents and biological research on plants in the genus Curcuma. Critical reviews in food science and nutrition, 57(7), 1451–1523.

Talaat, A.N., Ebada, S.S., Labib, R.M., Esmat, A., Youssef, F.S., & Singab, A. (2018). Verification of the anti-inflammatory activity of the polyphenolic-rich fraction of Araucaria bidwillii Hook. using phytohaemagglutinin-stimulated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and virtual screening. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 226, 44–47.

Tan, A. C., Konczak, I., Ramzan, I., Zabaras, D., & Sze, D. M. (2011). Potential antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and proapoptotic anticancer activities of Kakadu plum and Illawarra plum polyphenolic fractions. Nutrition and cancer, 63(7), 1074–1084.

Terry, L.A., Joyce, D.C. & Khambay, B.P.S. (2003) Antifungal compounds in Geraldton waxflower tissues. Australasian Plant Pathology 32, 411–420.

Thompson, L.A.J., Englberger, L., Guarino, L, Thaman, R. & Elevitch, C. (2006) Pandanus tectorius (panadanus); Species Profiled for Pacific Island Agroforestry. Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR), Holualoa, Hawaii, United States.

Thorburn, A.W., Brand, J.C., O’Dea, K., Spargo, R.M., & Truswell, A.S. (1987). Plasma glucose and insulin responses to starchy foods in Australian aborigines: a population now at high risk of diabetes. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 46(2), 282–285.

Thyer, R. (2009) Bush medicine for a germ-killing, heart-saving gargle. Swinburne, 7, 3.

Varela, C., Sundstrom, J., Cuijvers, K., Jiranek, V., & Borneman, A. (2020). Discovering the indigenous microbial communities associated with the natural fermentation of sap from the cider gum Eucalyptus gunnii. Scientific reports, 10(1), 14716.

Viguiliouk E, Kendall C W C, Blanco Mejia S, Cozma A I, Ha V, et al. (2014) Effect of Tree Nuts on Glycemic Control in Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Dietary Trials. PLoS ONE 9(7) e103376. Correction: PLoS One. 2014; 9(9): e109224. Published online 2014 Sep 23. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0109224

Vindigni, D. (2004) Promoting the musculoskeletal health of Indigenous Australians living in rural communities. Aboriginal health in Aboriginal hands, (thesis, University of Newcastle, vol. 1)

Volkofsky, A. (2017) Quanadong – the versatile outback superfood that can cure a toothache. ABC News, October 15.

Wang, Y., Ji, S., Zang, W., Wang, N., Cao, J., Li, X., & Sun, C. (2019). Identification of phenolic compounds from a unique citrus species, finger lime (Citrus australasica) and their inhibition of LPS-induced NO-releasing in BV-2 cell line. Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 129, 54–63.

Watson, P. (2001) The grass tree: Its uses and abuses. Wildlife and Native Plants Study Group

Webb, L.J, (1969) The use of plant medicines and poisons by Australian aboriginees. Mankind, 7:137-146.

Williams, C. (2013) Medicinal Plants in Australia, Vol. 4 AN Antipodean Apothecary. Rosenberg Publishing Pty, Dural Delivery Center, New South Wales, Australia.

Williams, C. (2012) Medicinal Plants in Australia, Vol. 3 Plants, Potions & Poisons. Rosenberg Publishing Pty, Dural Delivery Center, New South Wales, Australia.

Williams, C. (2011) Medicinal Plants in Australia, Vol. 2, Gums, Resin, Tannin & Essential Oils.. Rosenberg Publishing Pty, Dural Delivery Center, New South Wales, Australia.

Williams, C. (2002) Medicinal Plants in Australia, Vol.3, Plants Potions and Poisons. Rosenberg Publishing Pty, Dural Delivery Center, New South Wales, Australia.

Winanta, A., Hertiani, T., Purwantiningsih, & Siswadi (2019) In vivo Immunomodulatory Activity of Faloak Bark Extract (Sterculia quadrifida R.Br). Pakistan journal of biological sciences : PJBS, 22(12), 590–596.

Wrigley. J. W. and Fagg. M. ( ) Australian Native Plants. Collins. (Australia) 1988 ISBN 0-7322-0021-0

Zhou, Y.X., Xin, H.L., Rahman, K., Wang, S.J., Peng, C., & Zhang, H. (2015). Portulaca oleracea L.: a review of phytochemistry and pharmacological effects. BioMed research international, 2015, 925631.

Zhou, Z., Hou, J., Mo, Y., Ren, M., Yang, G., Qu, Z., & Hu, Y. (2020). Geniposidic acid ameliorates spatial learning and memory deficits and alleviates neuroinflammation via inhibiting HMGB-1 and downregulating TLR4/2 signaling pathway in APP/PS1 mice. European journal of pharmacology, 869, 172857.